Shoyu sugar steak combines soy sauce, mirin, garlic, ginger, sake, and sugar with brown rice flour to make a coating that grills to a crisp and incredibly caramelized crust. The beauty of it? It works on most cuts of grilling beef.
I like to think of shoyu and sugar as the mother sauce of local cuisine. Mixed together in sweet and salty balance, “shoyu sugar” forms the foundation for a number of dishes, from Chicken Hekka to Okinawa Pig’s Feet. The combination makes sense on a cultural level as much as on a culinary one: Sugarcane was the economic lifeblood of Hawai‘i for generations, while shoyu is the one seasoning we use in Hawai‘i more than any other.
The idea for this recipe came about when I faced a very specific conundrum. I love the simplicity of grilling a thick steak on my backyard grill. But if I wanted to season it with shoyu sugar, I’d have to marinate it, which would change the texture of the meat. Brushing the steak with shoyu sugar while on the grill didn’t work great either, since the liquid drips off without imparting much flavor.
The solution I came up with was a take on Japanese tare, a basting sauce thickened with brown rice that’s been toasted and pulverized. The rice powder adds a pleasant nuttiness, but more importantly, it helps the shoyu sugar cling to the steak, so you end up with a gorgeous caramelized crust. With this method, any steak at least 3/4-inch thick will work, including the usual rib eye, New York strip, T-bone, top sirloin, flank steak, etc.–Sheldon Simeon
Shoyu Sugar Steak
My favorite cut to use is boneless chuck roast (a.k.a. “the poor man’s rib eye”), a piece of meat that comes from the shoulder and is most often used for braising or roasting, thus making it a more frugal option (my dad would always pick it up on sale at Foodland). It’s not as tender as a filet mignon, but if you prefer a beefier-tasting steak, its robust flavor and satisfying chew make it an appealing option.
Sprinkle the steaks generously with garlic salt. Place on a plate and let stand at room temperature for 40 minutes.
Place the rice or barley in a spice grinder and pulse until finely ground.
In a dry saucepan, toast the rice powder over medium-high heat, stirring constantly, until caramel-colored and fragrant, about 5 minutes. Keep a close eye on the rice powder as it will darken quickly once it begins to brown.
Reduce the heat to medium-low, add the mirin and sake, and bring to a boil, stirring to loosen any browned bits from the bottom of the pan. Once boiling, add the shoyu, brown sugar, vinegar, garlic, scallions, and ginger and simmer very gently until the mixture is thickened and slightly reduced, about 15 minutes. Use a slotted spoon to remove the aromatics (or pour the mixture through a sieve into a bowl, discarding the solids).
Sprinkle the steaks generously with pepper and place on the grates on the indirect heat side. Cover the grill and cook until a thermometer inserted into the thickest portion registers 105°F (41°C), 20 to 25 minutes, flipping the steaks and checking the internal temperature every 5 minutes or so.
Move the steaks over direct heat, brush liberally with the sauce, and grill, flipping every 30 seconds to 1 minute, brushing each time with more sauce, until a nice charred glaze has developed and the steak is cooked to desired degree of doneness, 6 to 7 minutes for medium rare.
Transfer the steaks to a cutting board and let rest for at least 10 minutes. Carve into thick slices and serve immediately with the remaining sauce.
*Can I make rice flour without a spice grinder?
Don’t panic–this recipe is still within your reach. Where it calls for a spice grinder to grind your rice to a powder, you do have another, sneakier option. If you don’t have one, you can substitute 1/3 cup of dry Cream of Wheat or Cream of Rice hot cereal.
Serving: 1servingCalories: 622kcal (31%)Carbohydrates: 43g (14%)Protein: 50g (100%)Fat: 26g (40%)Saturated Fat: 12g (75%)Polyunsaturated Fat: 2gMonounsaturated Fat: 13gTrans Fat: 2gCholesterol: 156mg (52%)Sodium: 2504mg (109%)Potassium: 992mg (28%)Fiber: 3g (13%)Sugar: 24g (27%)Vitamin A: 153IU (3%)Vitamin C: 3mg (4%)Calcium: 82mg (8%)Iron: 7mg (39%)
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Originally published August 09, 2021